UNESCO sites

Published in UNESCO

A small country of great wealth. Without a doubt this can be said of Croatia and its natural, cultural and historic treasures, and it is supported by the fact that so far seven Croatian sites have been included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List, three of which are in Split-Dalmatia County:

  • Diocletian's Palace and the medieval Split;
  • The historical core of Trogir;
  • Stari Grad Plain on the Island of Hvar.

Other Croatian sites on UNESCO's list of protected monuments are the Cathedral of St. James in Šibenik, the City of Dubrovnik, Plitvice Lakes National Park and the early Christian complex of Euphrasian basilica in Poreč.

Diocletian's Palace, outward from which Split grew, was built in the period between 295 AD and 305 AD. It is one of the most important works of late-antique architecture, in terms of the preservation of some original parts, as well as its entirety, and by a series of original architectural forms that prefigure a new early Christian, Byzantine and early medieval art. Today's Cathedral of St. Dujam, the former imperial mausoleum, is the oldest cathedral in the world, built in the Middle Ages. Romanesque churches from the 12th and 13th centuries, medieval and Gothic forts, and Renaissance and Baroque palaces, are all located within the Roman walls, forming a harmonious whole.

Trogir was founded by Greek colonists and traders from the island of Vis in the 3rd century before Christ. It is a remarkable example of urban continuity. Its orthogonal street plan dates from the Hellenistic period, and the rulers continued to decorate it with exceptional public and residential buildings and fortifications. Certainly the most important building is the Trogir Cathedral with its west portal gates, a tour de force of the master Radovan, the most notable example of Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia. In Trogir's old core, in a house row near the cathedral and the city lodge, the first pharmacy in Europe was opened in 1271.

Stari Grad Plain today represents the best preserved Roman - Greek landscape in the Mediterranean. In the summer of 385 BC, from the town Paros, on the island of the same name in the Aegean Sea, hundreds of families were directed towards the Ionian Bay, as the Greeks called the Adriatic sea, to establish a colony. Their target was the island of Hvar. It was decided that the new settlement was to be properly divided among the new settlers, so the field was measured using a simple measuring instrument and was divided into parcels of one to five sections, which are approximately 180 x 900 meters.

The names of the owners of each section of land were carved into boundary stones. Illyrians from the island and coastal area who attacked the city in 384 BC did not like this division. However, the Greeks won, which allowed them access to the entire old field, the largest fertile plain on the Adriatic islands. Olive groves and vineyards in the Old Town area have remained virtually unchanged from the Greek colonization period, and the area remains unique for its geometric system of land division used in ancient times.

Split and Dalmatia County Tourist Board
Address: Prilaz braće Kaliterna 10/I, p.p. 430,
21000 Split, Croatia Phone/fax: +385(0)21 490 032, , 490 033, 490 036 Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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